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Health & Fitness from A to Z Column: The Evolution of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramp Research
By Kevin C. Miller, PhD, AT, ATC
What is increasingly clear, thanks to the evolving EAMC research over the last 100 years, is that evidence overwhelming supports that EAMC are due to changes within the nervous system. In contrast, the evidence supporting the dehydration/electrolyte imbalance theory is weak, as indicated by several expert-written position statements (17, 18). However, it is unlikely any one factor is completely responsible for EAMC genesis. Instead, it is more probable that risk factors vary from person to person and may even vary within a given individual, particularly as environmental or physiological conditions change. Therefore, individuals struggling with EAMC should try to identify their unique EAMC risk factors and target these with appropriate interventions. By better understanding individual risk factors that lead to EAMC development, clinicians can develop individualized evidence-based intervention strategies. Such prevention strategies should prove far more productive than non-specific treatment recommendations, especially those based on outdated models of EAMC pathology (e.g., drink more fluids, consume more potassium).
|ACSM Health & Fitness Journal: July - August 2018 CEC Article #1: The Evolution of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramp Research ||Article|
|ACSM Health & Fitness Journal: July - August 2018 CEC Test #1:The Evolution of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramp Research ||Test|