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Enhancing Your Behavioral Toolkit: Promoting Self-Efficacy for Healthy Behaviors
By Janet Buckworth, PhD, FACSM
Self-efficacy is a belief in your capability to organize and execute actions that will lead to a specific outcome. This is a powerful belief that influences the adoption and maintenance of health-promoting behavior. Self-efficacy is a construct in several theories that are used to design and guide behavior change interventions. In Social Cognitive Theory, the interaction among self-efficacy, the value one places on the outcome, and expectations about positive or negative physical, social, and psychological consequences of the outcome are used to explain and predict the behavior. Expectations of personal efficacy come from four main sources of information: performance accomplishments, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological states. Performance accomplishments are the most influential because they provide authentic evidence of whether one has the ability to act successfully. Success raises mastery expectations and failure, especially early on, lowers expectations. However, appraisal of personal efficacy after performing a task also depends on evaluation of one’s capabilities before the task. Decreases in self-efficacy after someone starts a diet or exercise program might not be surprising given that initial self-efficacy for a new behavior is not based on experience, but beliefs about the new behavior and one’s abilities.
|ACSM Health & Fitness Journal: September - October 2017 CEC Article #6: Enhancing Your Behavioral Toolkit: Promoting... ||Article||(Required)|
|ACSM Health & Fitness Journal: September - October 2017 Self-Test #6: Enhancing Your Behavioral Toolkit: Promoting Self-Efficacy ||Test||(Required)|